Field school at the eastern limes of Dacia
During the last month researchers and students from Romania, Germany and Hungary carried out archaeological excavations in the principia of the Roman fort from Călugăreni and in the vicus belonging to it. In the principia the research focused on the rooms situated in the south-eastern corner, while the trenches from the vicus targeted a waste pit containing a large amount of pottery and a layer which contained objects which relate to cultic activities. During the research of the headquarters building the last phase of usage and the foundations of the corner rooms were discovered. The waste pit from the civilian settlement offered important data related to local pottery production and enriched the repertoire of the 2nd century forms of pottery, unveiling vessels, like snake-pots and incense burners, which allude to cultic activities in the neighboring parts of the vicus. The students, besides having a good time, learned a lot and gained experience.
The mood was even more enhanced by the event called 6R Day of Archaeology, which took place on the 11th of August. The visitors had the opportunity to participate at various museum pedagogical activities, presentations and to experience a real archaeological excavation. The day was crowned with the inauguration of a special Bellevue, named Compass, which was created after a project of students from the Budapest University of Technology and Economics.
6R DAY OF ARCHAEOLOGY AT CĂLUGĂRENI – PROGRAMME
11.00–19.00 Walk with the festival carriage on the course of the Barn Theatre – Franciscan Monastery – Archaeological Park – Barn Theatre
THE BARN THEATRE AND IT’S COURTYARD
11.00–11.30 Festive opening and book presentation
12.00–12.30 Presentation [RO]: Bajusz István, Panem et circenses
12.30–12.45 Presentation [RO]: Rezi Botond, The bronze depot from Călugăreni in the light of thesaurisation practices in Transylvania
12.45–13.00 Presentation [RO]: Nicoleta Man, The Roman site from Călugăreni in the light of archaeological sources
13.30–14.00 Presentation [HU]: Bajusz István, Panem et circenses
16.00–16.15 Presentation [HU]: Rezi Botond, The bronze depot from Călugăreni in the light of thesaurisation practices in Transylvania
16.15–16.30 Presentation [HU]: Pánczél Szilamér, The Roman site from Călugăreni in the light of archaeological sources
11.00–19.00 Exhibition: A box of archaeology
11.30–12.00 Training of the Roman soldiers
18.00–19.00 Training of the Roman soldiers
10.00–19.00 Information point
11.00–18.00 Museum pedagogical activities related to the Romans
11.00–19.00 Exhibition: Five years of IDENTITY AND CULTURE
THE FRANCISCAN MONASTERY AND IT’S COURTYARD
11.00–19.00 Exhibition: Bibliotheca claustri. Selections from the librarial bequest of the Franciscan Monastery from Călugăreni
13.00–14.30 Guided tour according to the timetable in the Franciscan Monastery (RO, HU)
14.30–14.45 Presentation [HU]: Bányai Réka: The library of the Franciscan Monastery from Călugăreni
14.45–15.30 Oldmusic concert: Trio Vivo chamber concert
15.30–15.45 Presentation [RO]: Bányai Réka: The library of the Franciscan Monastery from Călugăreni
16.00–18.00 Guided tour according to the timetable in the Franciscan Monastery (RO, HU)
11.00–18.00 Museum pedagogical activities related to the Francisan Monastery
16.00–18.00 Guided tour according to the timetable in the restorers lab (RO, HU)
ROMAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL PARK
11.00–19.00 Exhibition: TIME BOX
11.00–18.00 Museum pedagogical activities related to archaeology
16.00–18.00 Guided tour according to the timetable at the excavation and in the TIMEBOX exhibitions (RO, HU)
19.00–19.30 Inauguration: COMPASS bellevue
[RO] A cincea ediție a Festivalului Roman de la Călugăreni (comuna Eremitu, jud. Mureș) va avea loc în acest an pe data de 12 august. Cu această ocazie vizitatorii vor avea posibilitatea să participe în cadrul atelierelor interactive care vor fi organizate în curtea Teatrului Șură și în cea a Mănăstirii Franciscane, să viziteze pavilioanele expoziționale TIME BOX, precum și săpăturile arheologice desfășurate atât în clădirea comandamentului din castrul roman (principia), cât și în băile romane. Pe lângă atelierele și activitățile deja consacrate (parada militară, luptele de gladiatori, expoziții tematice, atelier de bucătărie romană, mozaic, opaițe și figurine de teracotă, fierărie, teatru, coafuri, croitorie etc.), festivalul din 2017 va avea drept temă principală educația și copilăria. Vor fi organizate ateliere interactive și activități de pedagogie muzeală, însoțite de panouri explicative, care vor pune accentul pe educație și cotidianul copilăriei: școala romană, atelier de amulete romane, atelier de jocuri romane, concurs de limba latină. Ca element nou, în curtea Mănăstirii Franciscane, urmând aceeași temă a festivalului, vor fi organizate o serie de activități legate de școală și educație în mediu mănăstiresc (limba latină (cateheză), aritmetică, științele naturii, geografie, botanică) împreună cu prezentări de dansuri renascentiste. Evenimentul se va încheia cu un concert de muzică veche interpretată de Ansamblul Flauto Dolce și cu tradiționala paradă de torțe.
[HU] Az ötödik mikházi (Nyárádremete község, Maros megye) Római Fesztivál ebben az évben augusztus 12-én kerül megrendezésre. A látogatóknak lehetősége nyílik az interaktív műhelyekben való részvételre, melyek a Csűrszínház, illetve a Ferences kolostor udvarán lesznek elhelyezve. Megtekinthető lesz a TIME BOX pavilonokban található kiállítás, valamint a római katonai tábor parancsnoki épületében (principia) és a római fürdőben zajló régészeti feltárás is. A korábbi fesztiválokról ismert műhelyek és tevékenységek (katonai felvonulás, gladiátorharcok, tematikus kiállítások, római konyha, mozaikkészítés, mécses és terrakotta készítés, kovácsműhely, színház, fodrászat, szabóműhely stb.) mellett a fesztivál központi témája a gyerekkor és a nevelés lesz, melynek bemutatására különböző interaktív műhelyek és múzeumpedagógiai tevékenységek formájában kerül sor: római iskola, amulett készítő műhely, római játékok, latin nyelvű vetélkedő. Szintén újdonság lesz a Ferences kolostor udvarán zajló, hasonló tematikájú tevékenység, mely az iskolát és nevelést mutatja be a kolostori környezetben (latin nyelv (katekézis), számtan, természettudományok, földrajz, növénytan), valamint a reneszánsz táncbemutató. Az eseményt a Flauto Dolce Együttes régizene koncertje és a hagyományos fáklyás felvonulás zárja.
[EN] The fifth edition of the Roman and Renaissance Festival from Călugăreni (H: Mikháza; Eremitu, Mureș County) will be organized on the 12th of July 2017. The visitors will have the possibility to participate at the interactive workshops held in the courtyard of the Barn Theatre and at the Franciscan monastery, to visit the exhibitions in the TIME BOX pavilions as well as the ongoing archaeological excavations from the headquarters (principia) of the military fort and from the Roman bath house. Beside the workshops and activities already established in the former years (military parade, gladiator fights, thematic exhibitions, Roman kitchen, mosaic workshop, lamp and terracotta workshop, blacksmithing, theatre, hairdressing, tailor’s workshop etc.) the main topic of the festival will focus on childhood and education, which will be presented in the frame of several interactive workshops and museum pedagogical activities, like Roman school, amulet workshop, Roman games, Latin language contest. Another novelty will be represented by the activities on the same topic carried out in the courtyard of the Franciscan monastery, which will focus on school and education in the context of the monastic life (Latin language (catechesis), arithmetic, natural sciences, geography, and botany) and by the Renaissance dance show. The event will finish with the Early Music concert held by the Flauto Dolce Group and with the traditional torchlight parade.
Museum pedagogy workshop on the 20th of May 2017, 11am-17pm at the exhibition halls of the Mureș County Museum from the Castle of Târgu Mureș
The purpose of the activities is to familiarize the public with different aspects related to childhood and education during the Roman period. The interactive thematic workshops and museum pedagogy activities, accompanied by explanatory panels, will focus on education and the every-day aspects of childhood: artefacts typical for children and their meaning, activities related to school and the way in which a Roman child could have acquired new knowledge. The visitors can directly participate in the activities and the workshops are opened to both children and adults.
On the 17th of November 2015 the third edition of the Students’ Scientific Association Conference has been organized in the topic ”Identity and Culture“ at the Faculty of Architecture from the Budapest University of Technology and Economics. The topic focuses on the cultural, scientific and turistical valorification of the Roman limes sector from Mureș County, Romania, especially on the heritage potentials of Călugăreni, for three years by far. The large interest in this topic, among the three-year old tradition, is also shown by the six “contestants”, each of them presenting projects related either to creating a multidisciplinary scientific base in Călugăreni, or to the valorification of the unique blend of Roman heritage and WW I shooting ditches in the same area. One of our team member took part in the jury composed of architect and archaeologist specialists, and had a very hard job to evaluate the interesting and thought-provoking projects.
The exhibition ‘Avar warriors in Transylvania‘ organized by the Roman Limes Research Centre and the Gurghiu Department of Mureș County Museum opened the series of the colourful activities in the Castle as part of the national event ‘Night of the Museum’ on the 16th of May 2015. The exhibition was completed by the activities of various workshops focusing mainly on the everyday life of the communities from the Avar-period. In this sense a yurt was erected, a typical structure of eastern nomad populations and the main venue for most of their everyday activities where visitors could dress up in Avar costumes and make photos with themselves. Beside the reconstructions featured in the exhibition, the organisers of the workshops wore typical Avar-period costumes, thus contributing to the authentic historical atmosphere. The visitors had the opportunity to try out various craftsmen activities. They could make different accessories from felt and they could also try to make their typical Avar strap end applique used as necklace ornament. The children were engaged in special activities dedicated exclusively for them. They could design and make the costume of an Avar warrior or an Avar lady, and they could sew their own boots from textile.
The various activities and workshops so as the exhibition itself benefited from a great popularity, they attracted many visitors. Both children and adults spent a very fruitful and intersting day in the museum, experiencing in the same time the typical Avar lifestyle and crafts.
The opening of the exhibition entitled ‘Avar warriors in Transylvania (Războinici avari în Transilvania)’ will be organised as part of the cultural event known as ‘Night of the Museum’ on the 16th of May 2015, at 10 o’clock AM. The exhibition focuses on different aspects of Avar-period material culture, including weapons and fighting equipment, lifestyle, male and female clothing, funerary ritual, everyday life, as well as the relations between Avars and other ethnic groups of the Carpathian Basin. The exhibition will showcase a rich array of artefacts selected and borrowed from various museums of the country, as well as an abundant explanatory material and various reconstructions of the costume, weapons and harness of the period.
The exhibition can be visited between the 16th of May and 30th of September 2015 in the exhibition hall of tMureș County Museum from the Castle, Târgu Mureș.
On the 21st of April 2015 (Tuesday), at 17 o`clock, in the exhibition hall of the Mureș County Museum from the Castle there will be the opening of the exhibition entitled Identity and culture 2. Three topics, fifteen projects. The Roman limes as cultural landscape – where next?
The exhibition will be opened by Zoltán Soós, director of Mureș County Museum, being followed by the speeches of the exhibition’s curator, architect Cicelle Gaull as well as of the archaeologist Szilamér Pánczél.
The exposed material is based on the results obtained in the frame of the cooperation between the students and professors of the Department of Industrial and Agricultural Building Design of the Budapest University of Technology and Economics, a collaboration which took place during a four weeks long summer school organized in Mureș County. This cooperation was established in the frame of a multiannual international project (Limes as Cultural Landscape – Erasmus IP) in the summer of 2014.
The students had the chance to present the results of their researches made in Transylvania at the Students’ Scientific Association Conference organized last year. They analyzed the possibilities of promoting the Roman sites as touristic attractions as well as the challenges regarding the preservation of this highly precious heritage. In the three proposed topic there have been submitted fifteen architectural projects, all of them being presented for the first time in Târgu Mureș. The projects were evaluated by a jury consisted of architects and archaeologists.
The exhibition can be visited from 21st of April until 10th of May 2015.
The Mureș County Museum in collaboration with the Barn Theatre Association will organize the 2R FESTIVAL in the village of Călugăreni, parish of Eremitu, Mureș County on the 23rd of August 2014.
The cultural event offers an invitation for a time travel, in the Roman and Renaissance age, marked in the local landscape by important regional and national heritage values. The Roman defensive system as well as the auxiliary fort and settlement from Călugăreni have the potential to be nominated in the UNESCO World Heritage list, and also in the international site of the „The Frontiers of the Roman Empire”. The Franciscan monastery is one of the most important monuments of the late Renaissance period of Transylvania, a prestigious spiritual centre of the region until the 20th century.
The 2R FESTIVAL – ROMAN AND RENAISSANCE – FROM CĂLUGĂRENI will present and promote during the whole day the components of the provincial Roman culture and civilization, specific to the Roman Dacia, as well as the particular features of the Transylvanian Renaissance, through a series of events and activities with cultural-educational character with considerable impact on a large audience.
In the court of the Barn Theatre from Călugăreni military demonstrations and gladiator fights will be organized with the participation of associations specialized in historical re-enactments, and workshops inspired from the Roman everyday life will be also functioning. The spirit of the Renaissance and the monastic life will be evoked in the court of the Franciscan church.
The archaeologists from the Mureș County Museum together with partners from Germany, Hungary and Romania, which are carrying out archaeological investigations in the military fort and settlement from Călugăreni this time, will provide guided tours to the archaeological excavations and will show the visitors the recently found and restored archaeological artefacts. An exhibition, entitled „Romans in Călugăreni” will also be opened. This presents the discoveries from the Roman fort and settlement situated in the territory of the village, recovered during archaeological researches from 2004, and 2011-2013. The exhibition entitled „Identity and Culture. Three Topics, Eleven Projects” present the work of the students from the Department of Industrial and Agricultural Building Design of the University of Technology and Economics from Budapest about the possibilities of promoting the Roman limes. The Roman military life will be shown through the displayed mock-ups of the exhibition entitled „The Romans through Gulliver’s Eye”. There will be held presentations focusing on the Roman culture and civilization in general, and especially on the impact of the Roman culture and civilization on Roman Dacia. In the Franciscan church and monastery will also take place thematic guided tours. An exhibition („The book collection of the Franciscan from Călugăreni”) presenting the history of the monastery’s library will be opened. The activities will be ended by a torched parade to the Roman site with the participation of all visitors. During the whole day there will be organized workshops and activities illustrating the life and occupations of the Romans from the Empire’s provinces: making mosaics, pottery, stone-working, Latin writing, theatre, hairdressing, tailoring, social games, Roman cuisine, wine tasting, slave market, sweet-shop etc. The activities and workshops related to the Renaissance monastic milieu will be the followings: the art of writing, paper manufacture, rosary making, blacksmithing etc.
In order to ensure the successful course of this project, the organizers collaborate with the Mayor’s Office of Eremitu, Teleki Library, Roman Limes Research Centre, Artecotur Association, Unitarcoop, Pokoly Association and the project „Roman Limes as European Cultural Landscape”. The main financial support is provided by the Mureș County Council.
Sponsors: Bethlen Gábor Fund, Borpatika, Archaeomoles, Borpatika, Cetate Production.
The event’s main purpose is to promote the archaeological and historical investigations and to offer the chance for the visitors to re-live the past for a day.
How to get to Călugăreni?
Public transportation with minibuses on the following route: Târgu Mureş (Voiajor bus station) – Călugăreni – Câmpu Cetăţii/Sovata and Sovata/Câmpu Cetăţii – Călugăreni – Târgu Mureş.
By car on the following route: Târgu Mureș –Ernei –Călugăreni.
By bicycles on the following routs: Târgu Mureș – Livezeni – Miercurea Nirajului – Vărgata – Călugăreni, or Târgu Mureș – Sângeorgiu de Mureș – Ernei – Căluşeri – Isla – Călugăreni.